Cultural Landscape Elements
The principle of farming systems
The European land-use system in principle has everywhere the same structure: on the one hand close to the settlements there are small labour-intensive areas where man raises its crops (mostly called infields) and further away there are large labour-extensive areas where man keeps its animals for grazing.
The crops need large quantities of nourishment for plant production. This is delivered by the outfield. So in all these systems there is a netto flux of nutrients and energy from the outfields to the infields.